Autor/autori: Kreshnik MUHAXHERI (Kosovo, Mustafa MUHAXHERI (Kosovo), Ramadan ALUSHAJ (Albania)

Abstract: Kosovo is in his early beginning of efforts to combat climate change through mitigation and reduction of emission providing economic opportunities. Based on that, it is to be considered as first step, that Kosovo has to define priority mitigations areas as use of District Heating and Cogeneration principles, in energy generation, energy efficiency, renewable energy, CCS, etc. All future policies has to give most attention to improving energy efficiency in generation plants including DH system and implementation of energy efficiency measures in new and existing buildings, which encompasses the most diverse, largest and most cost-effective mitigation opportunities in buildings. Emissions from the buildings and appliances sector (including residential and commercial buildings) are expected to increase. Major drivers for the growth in CO2 emissions are the expansion of total floor space (mainly in urban areas) for heating, and cooling in commercial buildings, in addition to an increasing number of households with an increasing penetration of appliances per household. It is expected that several thousand m2 of floor space will be built between 2012 and 2020 and that electricity demand for appliances will roughly increased in this period. The purpose of this paper is to identify and address possible solutions for Kosovo, to reduce GHG emissions (greenhouse gases) in buildings and equipment to support the effective design strategies buildings that incorporate energy reduction thermal loads, selection of systems that enable efficient use of heat resources and heat and saving, the use of equipment and effective strategies to control energy consumption. An integrated approach will enable architectural elements and engineering systems to function as a whole. system.

Keywords: GHG emission, reduction CO2 emission, EU Directives, public buildings, energy efficiency measures, energy consumption